Below you’ll find the outline of the Brazilian education structure. The chart is clear about the progress of a typical student in Brazil from the start of school up to their PHD or Doctorate. Until 2006, students were only required to be in school for 9 years. With grades being repeated, over 50% of the population was dropping out of public school. The requirement is now 12 years and drop out rates have decreased. Additionally, as you’ll see below all incoming college students must pass an exam called Vestibular. This massive entrance exam is rigorous and tests students on all whole gamete of subjects. If the student doesn’t meet the standards, they must wait a year to re-try.